After completion of seven circuits of Kaabah and Istilam, a pilgrim should move towards Maqam-e-Ibrahim to offer two raka’t salah for tawaf. It is recommended to recite Surat-ul-Kafirun after Al-Fatihah in the first Rak’at and Suratul Ikhlas in the second. But it is also permissible to recite any other Surahs instead. After offering Salah, make supplications to Allah (SWT).
History and importance of Muqam-e-Ibrahim relates back to the construction of the Holy Kaaba during the times of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS). It is the large black stone on which Ibrahim (AS) stood while he was building the upper walls of the Kaaba. The stone became soft and his feet left impressions when he stood on it. The foot impressions in the rock can still be seen today. The Prophet (pbuh) said:
“The stone is the station of Ibrahim. Allah made it soft and made it a mercy. Ibrahim would stand on it and Ismail would hand the stones up to him.”
Ibrahim (AS) constructed the Kaabah using rocks from five mountains: Hira, Thubayr, Labnaan, Toor and Jabalul Khayr. Toor Seenaa is actually situated in the eastern desert of Egypt. When Ibrahim (AS) completed the construction of the Kaaba he was commanded by Allah (swt):
وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ
“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage).
They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).” [Al-Hajj 22:27]
At the time of Ibrahim (AS), the Maqam was attached to the Kaaba. Umar (RA) moved it to the place where it is currently present because it used to get too crowded for tawaf or prayers. It should be noted that the significance of the Maqam-e- Ibrahim lies in the fact that it is a place for performing Salah and not for touching or kissing.