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1441 Hijri , 16th Shaʿbān
1441 Hijri , 16th Shaʿbān
Hajj Procedure Hajj Procedure

How to perform Hajj? The Basic Hajj Procedure to be kept in mind by First-timers.

Day-wise step by step guide to Hajj performed during the designated 5 days of Dhul Hijjah.

First Day of Hajj (8th Dhul Hijjah)

Hajj starts after the maghrib prayers of 7th Dhul Hijjah. Pilgrims make same preparations for Hajj as they make for Umrah like taking Ghusl, declare intention, wear Ihram and recite Talbiyah. Complete all the Hajj preparations during the night hours.
Enter into the state of Ihram from Miqat or from the staying place at Mecca. After offering Fajr salah, proceed towards Mina while reciting talbiyah and pronouncing it on the way as often as possible.
After reaching Mina, offer Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers. Spend the night in Mina doing zikr and ibadah.

Second Day of Hajj (9th Dhul Hijjah)

Offer Fajr prayer in Mina and set out for Arafat after saying Takbir and Talbiyah. Reach Arafat by zawal (declining of the sun) and spend this time of Waquf-e-Arafat repenting for your sins, seeking forgiveness of Allah, praying and supplicating. It is better to do Waquf while standing but sitting down is also allowed. Later, proceed to Arafat ground to offer combined prayers of Zuhr and Asr with Jama’at.

After the sunset in Arafat, proceed to Muzdalifah without offering Maghrib prayer and reciting Talbiyah on the way. Upon reaching Muzdalifah, offer Maghrib and Isha prayers together at Isha time. For both prayers there is one adhan and one iqamah. First, offer Fard prayer of Maghrib with jama'at, then recite Takbir Tashriq and Talbiyah, and immediately after that offer Fard prayer of Isha with jama'at. Afterward, offer two raka’t Sunnah of Maghrib followed by two raka’t Sunnah of Isha and three raka’t of Witr prayer.
Spend this blessed night in Zikr and supplicating to Allah. Glorify Allah and recite Darud and read Quran. Pronounce talbiyah and make Dua.
Also collect stones for the next day of stoning at the Jamarat. Pick 49 pebbles of the size of a chick pea if Rami is to be performed for three days and 70 if for four days.

Third day of Hajj (10th Dhul Hijjah)

On this day of Eid, leave for Mina from Muzdalifah after Fajr prayers. Stone the largest Jamarat, Jamarat-ul-Kubra and perform Qurbani. Stop saying talbiyah the moment you throw the first stone. Now go back to your accommodation for Qurbani. Do it yourself or ask a reliable person to do it on your behalf. There are three days designated for qurbani. It is usually easy to do qurbani on 11 Dhul Hijjah.
Afterward, Qasr is performed i.e. male pilgrims will shave their heads and female will clip their hair as part of the Hajj ritual. Now, pilgrims are free to remove their ihram and wear ordinary clothes. All the restrictions regarding ihram are lifted after Qasr except the sexual relation between husband and wife, which is permissible after Tawaf-ul-Ifadah. It is sunnah to perform Qasr in Mina but you are allowed to do it anywhere in Haram. Ensure that Rami, qurbani and shaving or clipping of the hair are performed in the listed order otherwise a Dam is required as a penalty.
Now, move to Haram to perform Tawaf-al-Ifadah and offer 2 raka’t nafl near Maqam-e-Ibrahim. Also, drink zamzam after performing saa’ee, the seven circuits between the hills of Safa and Marwah and, spend the night at Mina.
Tawaful Ifadah or Tawafuz Ziyarah can be performed any time from 10 Dhul Hijjah to the sunset of 12 Dhul Hijjah. It is most convenient to perform on 11 Dhul Hijjah. The procedure is similar to that of Tawaf of Umrah and it is essential to perform it in the state of wudu. According to Sunnah, Tawafuz Ziyarah is to be performed after Rami, Qurbani and shaving or clipping of the hair, and every effort should be made to do that in the given sequence. However, Fard stands discharged even if Tawaf-e-Ziyarat is performed prior to all these practices.

Fourth Day of Hajj (11th Dhul Hijjah)

On second day of Eid, proceed to Jamarat from Mina after Zuhr prayers for the stoning of the devil. Stone all the three Jamarats (Jamarat-e-Sughra, Jamarat-e-Wusta and Jamarat-e-Qubra) in sequence from small to large by throwing 7 pebbles at each of these pillars. It is a bit easy to perform Rami just before sunset or at night. It is permissible to do Rami at night if there is a risk to life. After completion of this ritual, return to Mina for night stay. If you could not perform Tawafuz ziyarah yesterday you can also do it after the stoning. Later, go back to Mina for night stay.

Fifth & Final Day of Hajj (12th Dhul Hijjah)

Start the rituals for the final day of Hajj by proceeding to Jamarat from Mina after Zuhr for the stoning. The stoning of Jamarat will be completed from small to large. After stoning, leave for Makkah before Sunset. If you could not perform Tawafuz ziyarah earlier, it is essential to do it before maghrib on this day.
Before leaving Makkah and returning to your country, the pilgrims will also perform Tawaf-ul-Wada (Farewell Tawaf). It is obligatory to perform the farewell tawaf. At this stage all the obligatory rituals of Hajj are completed.

Mentioned above was the simple Hajj procedure about how to do Hajj after assuming Ihram from the Meeqat. May Allah accept your Hajj and reward you in this life and the Hereafter. Aameen!

Note: It is recommended to consult and seek an opinion from scholars on doubtful Islamic matters.

Hajj Procedure
Hajj Procedure
Hajj Procedure
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